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AMA - Model Safety Code - Jan 1, 2014
Academy of Model Aeronautics National Model Aircraft Safety Code
Effective January 1, 2014
A. GENERAL: A model aircraft is a non-human-carrying aircraft capable of sustained flight in the atmosphere. It may not exceed limitations of this code and is intended exclusively for sport, recreation, education and/or competition. All model flights must be conducted in accordance with this safety code and any additional rules specific to the flying site.
1. Model aircraft will not be flown:
(a) In a careless or reckless manner.
(b) At a location where model aircraft activities are prohibited.
2. Model aircraft pilots will:
(a) Yield the right of way to all human-carrying aircraft.
(b) See and avoid all aircraft and a spotter must be used when appropriate. (AMA Document #540-D.)
(c) Not fly higher than approximately 400 feet above ground level within three (3) miles of an airport without notifying the airport operator.
(d) Not interfere with operations and traffic patterns at any airport, heliport or seaplane base except where there is a mixed use agreement.
(e) Not exceed a takeoff weight, including fuel, of 55 pounds unless in compliance with the AMA Large Model Airplane program. (AMA Document 520-A.)
(f) Ensure the aircraft is identified with the name and address or AMA number of the owner on the inside or affixed to the outside of the model aircraft. (This
does not apply to model aircraft flown indoors.)
(g) Not operate aircraft with metal-blade propellers or with gaseous boosts except for helicopters operated under the provisions of AMA Document #555.
(h) Not operate model aircraft while under the influence of alcohol or while using any drug that could adversely affect the pilot’s ability to safely control the
(i) Not operate model aircraft carrying pyrotechnic devices that explode or burn, or any device which propels a projectile or drops any object that creates a
hazard to persons or property.
- Free Flight fuses or devices that burn producing smoke and are securely attached to the model aircraft during flight.
- Rocket motors (using solid propellant) up to a G-series size may be used provided they remain attached to the model during flight. Model rockets may
be flown in accordance with the National Model Rocketry Safety Code but may not be launched from model aircraft.
- Officially designated AMA Air Show Teams (AST) are authorized to use devices and practices as defined within the Team AMA Program Document.
(AMA Document #718.)
(j) Not operate a turbine-powered aircraft, unless in compliance with the AMA turbine regulations. (AMA Document #510-A.)
3. Model aircraft will not be flown in AMA sanctioned events, air shows or model demonstrations unless:
(a) The aircraft, control system and pilot skills have successfully demonstrated all maneuvers intended or anticipated prior to the specific event.
(b) An inexperienced pilot is assisted by an experienced pilot.
4. When and where required by rule, helmets must be properly worn and fastened. They must be OSHA, DOT, ANSI, SNELL or NOCSAE approved or comply with comparable standards.
B. RADIO CONTROL (RC)
1. All pilots shall avoid flying directly over unprotected people, vessels, vehicles or structures and shall avoid endangerment of life and property of others.
2. A successful radio equipment ground-range check in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations will be completed before the first flight of a new or
repaired model aircraft.
3. At all flying sites a safety line(s) must be established in front of which all flying takes place. (AMA Document #706.)
(a) Only personnel associated with flying the model aircraft are allowed at or in front of the safety line.
(b) At air shows or demonstrations, a straight safety line must be established.
(c) An area away from the safety line must be maintained for spectators.
(d) Intentional flying behind the safety line is prohibited.
4. RC model aircraft must use the radio-control frequencies currently allowed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Only individuals properly licensed by the FCC are authorized to operate equipment on Amateur Band frequencies.
5. RC model aircraft will not knowingly operate within three (3) miles of any pre-existing flying site without a frequency-management agreement. (AMA Documents #922 and #923.)
6. With the exception of events flown under official AMA Competition Regulations, excluding takeoff and landing, no powered model may be flown outdoors closer than 25 feet to any individual, except for the pilot and the pilot’s helper(s) located at the flightline.
7. Under no circumstances may a pilot or other person touch an outdoor model aircraft in flight while it is still under power, except to divert it from striking an individual.
8. RC night flying requires a lighting system providing the pilot with a clear view of the model’s attitude and orientation at all times. Hand-held illumination systems are inadequate for night flying operations.
9. The pilot of an RC model aircraft shall:
(a) Maintain control during the entire flight, maintaining visual contact without enhancement other than by corrective lenses prescribed for the pilot.
(b) Fly using the assistance of a camera or First-Person View (FPV) only in accordance with the procedures outlined in AMA Document #550.
(c) Fly using the assistance of autopilot or stabilization system only in accordance with the procedures outlined in AMA Document #560.
C. FREE FLIGHT
1. Must be at least 100 feet downwind of spectators and automobile parking when the model aircraft is launched.
2. Launch area must be clear of all individuals except mechanics, officials, and other fliers.
3. An effective device will be used to extinguish any fuse on the model aircraft after the fuse has completed its function.
D. CONTROL LINE
1. The complete control system (including the safety thong where applicable) must have an inspection and pull test prior to flying.
2. The pull test will be in accordance with the current Competition Regulations for the applicable model aircraft category.
3. Model aircraft not fitting a specific category shall use those pull-test requirements as indicated for Control Line Precision Aerobatics.
4. The flying area must be clear of all utility wires or poles and a model aircraft will not be flown closer than 50 feet to any above-ground electric utility lines.
5. The flying area must be clear of all nonessential participants and spectators before the engine is started.
DSMA Field Safety Rules
January 5, 2013 – BAYOU CITY FLYERS CONSTITUTION and BYLAWS (Page 9 & 10)
D. DICK SCOBEE MEMORIAL FIELD SAFETY RULES
1. The AMA Safety Code and all amendments thereto is adopted by the club in intent and principle and will be adhered to and enforced.
2. Flyers must be CURRENT members of AMA. Appropriate club membership ID and AMA license must be displayed.
3. Flying while intoxicated or having alcoholic beverages at Scobee Memorial field is strictly prohibited.
4. SAFETY and Policing the field (trash control), is every member’s and field user’s obligation.
5. Flyers are responsible for the conduct of family members and guests.
6. No unlicensed spectators are allowed inside the fenced area at the field.
7. No pets are allowed inside the fenced area.
1. POSITIVE FREQUENCY CONTROL is required when two or more flyers are present.
2. ALL TRANSMITTERS must meet AMA 1991 Gold Sticker, narrow-brand requirements. Dual conversion, narrow-band receivers are strongly recommended.
3. ALL TRANSMITTERS must be impounded at the impound boards when not in use. Frequency Pins will be limited to single 20 minute possessions.
4. All members/flyers will not operate any transmitter without frequency pin in possession, and agree to be responsible for damage to another aircraft, caused by turning on a transmitter without the pin in hand.
1. INTENTIONAL FLYING OVER THE PIT, SPECTATORS, OR PARKING LOT IS PROHIBITED!
2. ALL planes .19 and above must have mufflers. The acceptable decibel (dB) level of any aircraft and engine combination should not exceed those established by the AMA.
3. Club Reserves the right to inspect and judge the air worthiness of a NEW or recently REPAIRED airplane.
4. Pilots should pre-flight their planes before each flight.
5. Pilots must stay behind designated pilot line and within safety net station while flying.
6. Pilots will ANNOUNCE and ACKNOWLEDGE each other take-offs, landings, dead-sticks, and use of the grass runway. TAKE-OFFS and LANDINGS will normally be performed into the wind.
7. HIGH SPEED, LOW PASSES WILL NOT BE DONE directly over the runway.
8. Common courtesy shall be exercised in the pit area.
9. Start engines only in the PIT area, NOT UNDER COVERED WORK AREA.
10. Minimize ground running time on engines.
11. Break-in running should be done away from the pit area.
12. Direct prop-wash away from the pits and other aircraft.
GENERAL SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS:
1. The use of “chicken sticks” or electric starters are recommended for starting engines; DO NOT use bare fingers/hands.
2. Painting propeller tips with a bright color is highly recommended.
3. Protective eye wear is recommended when working around engines.
4. ALWAYS make engine adjustments from “behind” propellers.
5. Smoking around flammable fuels (gasoline) and airplanes is not recommended.
Any violation of these field rules should be addressed by each and every member present and reported to the Field Safety Officer. If a person persists, they will be asked to leave the field. If they refuse, appropriate law- enforcement officers should be called. Club members may be suspended or dropped from the club for repeated safety offenses as explained in ARTICLE V of the CONSTITUTION.
IT IS EVERYONE’S DUTY TO ABIDE BY THESE RULES AND AID IN THEIR ENFORCEMENT!
BE SAFE AND HAVE FUN!!!
Multirotor, Drone & FPV (First Person View) RC Model Aircraft
Multirotor pilots must have a valid AMA membership to fly at Dick Scobee Memorial Airfields
Dick Scobee Memorial Airfields – Field Rules: Multirotor, Drone & FPV (First Person View)
MULTIROTOR AND DRONE AIRCRAFT MUST FOLLOW ALL THE SAME RULES AS OTHER AIRCRAFT AND THE PRIMARY FLYING AREA IS AT THE HELICOPTER PAD. FLYING FPV (FIRST PERSON VIEW) IS NOT ALLOWED WITHOUT A SPOTTER AND THE SPOTTER MUST HAVE CLEAR LINE OF SIGHT OF THE AIRCRAFT AT ALL TIMES. DO NOT FLY OUTSIDE OF THE DESIGNATED FLYING AREA.
Read: Know Before You Fly
Read: AMA Document: Radio Controlled Model Aircraft Operation: Utilizing “First Person View” Systems
Read: AMA Document: sUAS Flight Safety Guide – Guidance for safe, responsible flying.
Note: sUAS = small Unmanned Aircraft System
Basic sUAS Safety Principles:
- Do not interfere with manned aircraft operations
- Yield the right of way to manned aircraft. See and avoid other aircraft at all times (AMA Doc #540-D).
- Do not endanger persons or property. No intentional overflight of moving vehicles or unprotected persons. Fly no closer than 25 feet.
- Fly no higher than necessary (less than 400 feet). Remain below surrounding obstacles when possible.
- Avoid operations in close proximity to airports. When within 5 miles of an airport, contact the airport/Air Traffic Control (ATC).
- Ensure pilot competency/proficiency and the safe operation of the aircraft.
- Remain within visual line of sight (VLOS). Use a spotter when necessary/appropriate.